Public Holidays Nepal 2024

Nepal, nestled in the Himalayas between India and China, is renowned for its stunning mountain scenery, including Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world. This landlocked country is not only a trekker’s paradise but also a melting pot of Hindu and Buddhist cultures. With its ancient temples, vibrant festivals, and diverse wildlife in national parks like Chitwan, Nepal offers a rich tapestry of cultural and natural wonders.

List of Public and National Holidays in Nepal for the year 2024

  • Prithvi Jayanti: Thursday, 11 January
  • Maghe Sankranti: Monday, 15 January
  • Martyrs’ Day: Tuesday, 30 January
  • Sonam Losar: Saturday, 10 February
  • Ghyalpo Losar: Saturday, 10 February
  • Prajatantra Diwas: Monday, 19 February

  • Maha Shivaratri: Friday, 8 March
  • International Women’s Day: Friday, 8 March
  • Ghode Jatra *: Monday, 8 April
  • Ramjan Edul Fikra: Wednesday, 10 April
  • Nepali New Year: Saturday, 13 April
  • Ram Navami: Tuesday, 16 April
  • Loktantra Diwas: Wednesday, 24 April

  • Labour Day: Wednesday, 1 May
  • Buddha Jayanti: Thursday, 23 May
  • Ganatantra Diwas: Wednesday, 29 May
  • Edul Aajaha: Monday, 17 June
  • Raksha Bandhan: Monday, 19 August
  • Gai Jatra *: Tuesday, 20 August
  • Shree Krishna Janmashtami: Monday, 26 August
  • Gaura Parba: Monday, 26 August

  • Hartalika Teej *: Friday, 6 September
  • Nijamati Sewa Diwas *: Saturday, 7 September
  • Rishi Panchami *: Sunday, 8 September
  • Indra Jatra *: Tuesday, 17 September
  • Constitution Day: Thursday, 19 September
  • Ghatasthapana: Thursday, 3 October
  • Fulpati: Thursday, 10 October
  • Maha Ashtami: Friday, 11 October
  • Maha Navami: Saturday, 12 October
  • Vijaya Dashami: Sunday, 13 October
  • Ekadashi: Monday, 14 October
  • Dwadashi: Tuesday, 15 October
  • Kojagrat Purnima: Thursday, 17 October

  • Laxmi Puja: Friday, 1 November
  • Govardhan Puja: Saturday, 2 November
  • Bhai Tika: Sunday, 3 November
  • Chhath Puja: Thursday, 7 November
  • Guru Nanak Jayanti *: Friday, 15 November
  • Udhauli Parva: Sunday, 15 December
  • Christmas Day: Wednesday, 25 December
  • Tamu Losar: Monday, 30 December
Bild von Glorious Himalaya Trekking Pvt Ltd. auf Pixabay


  • Ancient Roots: Nepal’s history dates back thousands of years, with early kingdoms and dynasties shaping its early civilization.
  • Medieval Era: The Malla kingdoms from the 12th to 18th centuries saw the flourishing of art, culture, and architecture, much of which defines Nepali aesthetics today.
  • Unification and Monarchy: In the late 18th century, King Prithvi Narayan Shah unified the various kingdoms into the modern state of Nepal. The Shah Dynasty ruled until the 20th century.
  • Democratic Movements: The 20th century witnessed a struggle for democracy, with movements in 1951 and 1990 leading to constitutional changes and the establishment of multiparty democracy.
  • Recent History: The early 21st century was marked by a Maoist insurgency, the abolition of the monarchy in 2008, and the declaration of Nepal as a federal democratic republic.


  • Location: Landlocked between India and China (Tibet), Nepal is known for its diverse terrain, which spans from the lowland Terai plains to the rugged Himalayas.
  • Mountains: Home to 8 of the world’s 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest, the tallest on Earth.
  • Biodiversity: Despite its small size, Nepal has a high level of biodiversity, including subtropical forests, wildlife like tigers and rhinos, and hundreds of bird species.


  • Ethnic Diversity: Over 100 ethnic groups and castes, each with its own language and culture, including the Sherpas, Newars, Tharus, and Gurungs.
  • Religions: Predominantly Hindu, but also with significant Buddhist populations, as well as Islam, Kirat, Christianity, and indigenous practices.
  • Festivals and Traditions: Rich in festivals like Dashain, Tihar, and Losar, reflecting its Hindu and Buddhist heritage. Unique traditions, dances, and music are integral to Nepali life.
  • Cuisine: Characterized by dishes like dal bhat (lentils and rice), momo (dumplings), and a variety of curries, influenced by both Indian and Tibetan flavors.


  • Agriculture: The mainstay of the economy, employing a large portion of the population, with key crops including rice, maize, and wheat.
  • Remittances: A significant source of income, with a large number of Nepalis working abroad.
  • Tourism: A vital sector, with the Himalayas, historical sites, and national parks attracting visitors from around the world.
  • Challenges: Despite rich natural resources, Nepal faces challenges such as political instability, infrastructure deficits, and poverty.
Flag of Nepal
Flag of Nepal


  • Government: A federal democratic republic with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. It has a multi-party system.
  • Constitution: Adopted a new constitution in 2015, establishing Nepal as a federal state with provisions for human rights and social justice.
  • Political Stability: Has experienced periodic political instability, with frequent changes in government, but continues to work towards stable governance.


  • Population: Diverse, with a mix of ethnic groups and languages. A significant portion of the population is rural, though urbanization is increasing.
  • Health and Education: Struggles with healthcare access and quality. Education has improved, but challenges remain in terms of quality and accessibility, especially in rural areas.
  • Social Issues: Includes poverty, gender inequality, and human trafficking. Efforts are ongoing to address these issues through various governmental and non-governmental initiatives.

Science and Technology

  • Focus Areas: Primarily focused on agriculture, healthcare, and environmental conservation. Technology adoption is growing, particularly in telecommunications and information technology.

Arts and Literature

  • Literary Tradition: Rich in folklore and classical literature, with contemporary writers increasingly gaining international recognition.
  • Visual Arts: Known for its traditional crafts, paintings (like Thanka), and sculptures, reflecting its religious and cultural heritage.


  • Popular Sports: Includes football, cricket, and volleyball. Mountaineering and trekking are also significant, given Nepal’s Himalayan terrain.
  • Notable Achievements: Recognized for its mountaineers, with many Sherpas known globally for their climbing skills and records.

International Relations

  • Foreign Relations: Maintains a policy of non-alignment and has good relations with neighboring countries and the international community.
  • Aid and Development: Receives significant development aid from international donors, which is crucial for its socio-economic development.

Challenges and Prospects

  • Economic Growth: Focusing on harnessing natural resources, boosting tourism, and improving agriculture for economic growth.
  • Political Stability: Efforts towards stable governance are crucial for sustained development and investment.
  • Environmental and Disaster Management: Given its vulnerability to natural disasters, especially earthquakes, efforts in disaster preparedness and environmental conservation are vital.

In summary, Nepal is a country with ancient roots, diverse cultures, and stunning natural beauty, juxtaposed with contemporary challenges and aspirations. It’s a nation where tradition meets modernity, and resilience is woven into the fabric of everyday life. As it continues to navigate political, economic, and social landscapes, Nepal remains a fascinating blend of its past legacies and future possibilities.