Public Holidays Mauritania

Mauritania is a country with a rich cultural heritage and diverse landscapes, from vast deserts to Atlantic coastlines. It continues to face significant challenges but remains a unique and culturally rich nation in West Africa.

List of Public Holidays in Mauritania in 2024

  • New Year’s Day: Monday, 1st January
  • Eid al-Fitr: Wednesday, 10th April
  • 2. Eid al-Fitr Holiday: Thursday, 11th April
  • Labour Day: Wednesday, 1st May
  • Africa Day: Saturday, 25th May
  • Eid al-Adha: Monday, 17th June
  • 2. Eid al-Adha Holiday: Tuesday, 18th June
  • Islamic New Year: Monday, 8th July
  • Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday: Monday, 16th September
  • Independence Day Mauritania: Thursday, 28th November
Flag of Mauritania
Flag of Mauritania


  • Ancient Times: The territory of present-day Mauritania has been inhabited since ancient times, with evidence of prehistoric human settlements.
  • Islamic Influence: Came under Islamic influence in the 8th century, leading to the spread of Islam and Arab culture.
  • Colonial Era: Became a French colony in the late 19th century.
  • Independence: Gained independence from France in 1960, followed by periods of political instability and coups.


  • Location: Situated in West Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, and Senegal.
  • Terrain: Dominated by the Sahara Desert, with a narrow strip of fertile land along the Senegal River in the south.
  • Climate: Primarily arid, with extreme temperature variations between day and night.


  • Diverse Ethnic Groups: Comprises various ethnic groups, including Moors (of Arab-Berber descent) and black Africans (such as Fulani, Soninke, and Wolof).
  • Traditions and Arts: Rich in traditional music, dance, and oral literature. Notable for its beautiful Moorish-style architecture and craftsmanship in jewelry and leatherwork.
  • Language: Arabic is the official language, with French also widely used. Several African languages are spoken by different ethnic groups.


  • Natural Resources: Economy largely based on mining, especially iron ore. Fishing along the Atlantic coast is also significant.
  • Challenges: Faces challenges such as poverty, unemployment, and reliance on international aid.
  • Development Efforts: Ongoing efforts to diversify the economy and develop sectors like agriculture and tourism.


  • Government Structure: Islamic Republic with a president as the head of state and a mixed legal system of Islamic and French civil law.
  • Political History: Has experienced several coups and political upheavals since independence.
  • International Relations: Active in regional and international organizations, focusing on issues relevant to the Sahel region and Islamic cooperation.


  • Demographics: A population predominantly composed of young people, with a blend of urban and nomadic lifestyles.
  • Social Issues: Struggles with issues like human rights, particularly concerning slavery and gender equality.
  • Education and Healthcare: Efforts are being made to improve access to education and healthcare services, though challenges remain.


  • Islam: Predominantly Muslim, Islam plays a central role in Mauritanian society and culture.
  • Religious Practices: Known for its unique practice of Islam, blending traditional beliefs with Islamic tenets.

Arts and Literature

  • Literary Tradition: Rich oral tradition with a growing body of written literature, mainly in Arabic and French.
  • Music and Performance Arts: Traditional music includes genres like Griot, with unique instruments like the tidinit and kora.


  • Popular Sports: Football is the most popular sport. Traditional sports like camel racing are also part of the cultural heritage.

Environmental Challenges

  • Desertification: One of the major environmental concerns, impacting agriculture and leading to water scarcity.
  • Conservation Efforts: Initiatives to combat desertification and protect biodiversity, including the establishment of national parks.


  • Attractions: Offers unique desert landscapes, historic cities like Chinguetti, and cultural experiences with nomadic communities. More on that at
  • Challenges and Potential: Tourism industry is small but has potential for growth, particularly in eco-tourism and cultural tourism.