Milad un nabi – also know as Mawlid (Arabic: مَولِد النَّبِي mawlidu n-nabiyyi, “Birth of the Prophet”, marks the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad which is celebrated often on the 12th day of Rabi’ al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar. The 12th Day of Rabi’ al-awwall is the most popular date from a list of possible dates that are reported as the birth date.
The origin of Milad un nabi observance reportedly dates back to the time of the early four Rashidun Caliphs of Islam. The Ottomans declared it an official holiday in the year 1588. The term Mawlid is also used in some parts of the world, such as Egypt, as a generic term for the birthday celebrations of other historical religious figures such as Sufi saints.
Most denominations of Islam approve of the commemoration of Muhammad’s birthday; however, some denominations including Wahhabism/Salafism, Deobandism and the Ahmadiyya disapprove its commemoration, considering it an unnecessary religious innovation (bid’ah or bidat). Mawlid is recognized as a national holiday in most of the Muslim-majority countries of the world except Saudi Arabia and Qatar which are officially Wahhabi/Salafi.
- Milad un Nabi 2016 (Birth of the Prophet) was on Monday, 12 December 2016
- Milad un Nabi 2017 Birth of the Prophet is on Saturday, 2 December, 2017
- Dates for Iran 2016: Mawlid/Milad un Nabi (The Prophet’s Birthday) and Imam Sadeq is on Saturday, 17 December 2016
- Dates for Iran 2017 Mawlid/Milad un Nabi (The Prophet’s Birthday) and Imam Sadeq is on Wednesday, 06 December 2017
Milad un nabi is sometimes simply called in colloquial Arabic مولد mawlid, mevlid, mevlit, mulud among other vernacular pronunciations; sometimes ميلاد mīlād).